Trekking in Nepal – A Complete Travel Guide

Trekking in Nepal a complete Travel Guide

Nepal is a country of great bio-diversity covering an area of 147, 181 sq. km. Located between Tibet/China towards the north and India in the south, east, and west of the country. Where the great Himalayan chain of peaks forms a boundary between Nepal and Tibet/China.  

An amazing country to visit where elevation rises from 60 m low areas of the Terai belt to the world’s highest point and summit of Mt. Everest at 8,848. 86 m, making Nepal a unique country. The great change of climate from sub-tropical to cooler green hills and ending in the Arctic zone of ice and glaciers. A dramatic variation all within 150 km distance, as well as differences from landscapes, and vegetation to various cultures of Nepalese.

A land of 02 % of the world’s flowering plants, and 08 % of birds with more than 857 different species. Including the world’s 04 % mammals, 500 species of butterflies 600 native plant families with 319 species of orchids. Truly a country of natural wonder with the world’s 8th-highest peaks, and an array of hundreds of towering peaks.

Nepal is a premier country for various adventures due to its high Himalayan Mountain range, green rolling hills, and scenic valleys. The main flow of tourism is for trekking and mountaineering as well as exploration of hidden pockets of the Himalayas. 

How to Reach Nepal?

Nepal can be reached via air or on the surface, at present the country with 3 international airports. The main major arrival via air is at Kathmandu and Nepal Tribhuvan International Airport, flying with respective airlines.

From the eastern part of the USA and Europe, flying to the Middle East to Dubai, Quarter, or Abu Dhabi for transit. As well as New Delhi for connecting flights to Kathmandu-Nepal, visitors from Western USA, Japan, Australia, or other Asian countries.

Flying through Hong Kong, Singapore, Kula Lumpur, Bangkok, Dacca, or New Delhi as well China via Tibet to reach Kathmandu-Nepal.   

By overland or surface can reach the southern borders of Nepal from India, and there are few entry points for foreigners. In the far southwest in Suananli at Bhairawa and Mahendranagar, from the far southeast reaching Kakarvita entry. 

Travelers from mainland China can reach Nepal via Lhasa-Tibet via air or overland with one main entry point. At Kyirong and Rasuwagadhi check- the post and entry points of Nepal and Tibet-China and then drive to Kathmandu city.   

How to Get a Nepalese Visa?

Visa for Nepal entry can be obtained from your home country in Nepal Embassies or Consulates, throughout the USA. As well as in major Europe and Asian Countries with few in Africa, which is handled from Dubai or UAE. In the case of no time to get a visa from your country. 

Can get it on arrival at the Nepal Tribhuvan International Airport Immigration counter. This is for arrival by an international airline flight, visitors arriving by overland through India or China via Tibet. Can obtain the entry visa at the main check post, where the immigration department is located. Requires two PP-size photos with cash payment in accepted foreign currencies. Like US, Canadian $ Singapore, Australian, or HK $, as well as Euro, Chinese Yuan, and Swiss Francs.

What Currency Does Nepal Accept?

During your stay in Nepal preferably in Nepalese currency Rupees, which come in bills or notes from Rs. 1,2,5,10,20,50, 100, 500, and 1,000. Especially on trekking for personal expenses, while in cities and big town foreign currency are accepted in big shops, large stores, restaurants, and hotels. Which are convertible currencies acceptable by the State Bank of Nepal (Rastraya Bank of Nepal).

Food & Accommodation in Mountain?

Food and accommodation during the trek in mountainous areas vary from the popular mainstream trail to less trekked areas. On normal popular trekking areas like Annapurna, Everest, and Langtang region. 

The accommodation route trekking around major villages and towns has a wide range of food and accommodation. From simple budget, standard to luxury class hotels, resorts, lodges, and inns or guest houses, as well Home Stay huts.

On average like in standard lodges, rooms are clean and tidy some rooms face views of snow-peaks. Depending upon trekking routes and overnight stops altitude-wise, most lodges offer rooms with common toilets and bathrooms. Running hot and cold water for showers and bathing, only some lodges in larger villages provide rooms with attached toilets and baths.

Higher above 3,600 m hard to find rooms with attached toilets and bathing, due to harsh weather and terrain conditions. Where plumbing can get frozen in using taps and flush, the best is using the common toilets. Normally located outside the hotels and lodge, every lodge has large warm dining rooms heated by pot-bellied stoves.

Foods in main popular routes and around bigger villages have a comprehensive food menu, as well as snacks and bakeries’ products. Serving continental, Chinese, Indian, Tibetan, and Nepalese foods, some lodges serve Mexican, Italian, Japanese, or Korean food also. On higher altitude village lodges, meat items are scarce, as it falls within Buddhist areas. If available it will be stable for a few weeks or months which is not healthy to consume. Unless you are used to the cold and high altitude as well with Asian foods and spices. 

All meals are clean, and hygienically prepared as per your order at least a minimum of an hour ahead. In some smaller villages and settlements, the rooms are simple but nice and clean, serving a limited good food menu. Due to availability and being unaware of cooking some foreign foods, where one has to suffice with simple meals.  Like Nepalese famous Dal Bhat (boiled or steamed rice with lentil soups and mild vegetables and pickles). Including Chinese or Tibetan meals of noodles and pasta fresh home-baked bread, as well pancakes. 

Types of Trekking in Nepal

Various types of Trekking in Nepal, which few countries can offer from tented camping to local lodges with Home-Stay programs. The main flow of visitors is for trekking, and climbing adventures, in the comfort of a nice tea house and lodges.

Trekking in Nepal is one of the main economies of the country as well for local villages on route. Being as the number one premier adventure ground, where outside visitors can find various types of accommodation with an exciting food menu. Trekkers in and around Nepal Himalayas, visitors can have the options of various types of options for overnight accommodations. From simple budget standard lodges, normal tourist lodges, and inns to luxury lodges or resorts on main popular trekking routes.

Teahouse/Lodge Trekking

Tea House was introduced in and around Nepal Himalayas in the early 1980s due to the main flow of trekkers’ arrival. Especially around Annapurna, Everest, and the Langtang Himalaya region, the major tourist destinations for various adventures.

In the early days, the simple accommodation for travelers around rural farm villages was known as Tea-Houses. Over the years the popular region of Nepal, where well-built tea houses flourished into a nice lodge.

Providing spacious rooms, warm dining halls including a list of food menu as well with facilities of attached bath and toilets. Running hot and cold water for showers and bathing with a nice breakfast in a sunny garden, facing views of peaks.

At present, besides popular trekking destinations Everest, Annapurna, and Langtang areas, more tea-house and lodges have mushroomed.  Around the far and wide trekking regions of Nepal, like in Manaslu, Makalu as far towards Kanchenjunga. But the standard of tea houses and lodges differs due to their remote locations.

Camping Trekking

Camping trekking is one of the earliest modes and only ways of reaching around chosen Himalayan destinations. Before Tea-House and Lodges flourished, tented camping was the first and only option for trekkers and adventurers.

At present Tented Camping has almost disappeared around main and popular trekking routes, used only on remote corners of the Himalayas. For trekkers heading for isolated countries of Nepal’s Far East and remote pockets of the Himalayas. Camping trekking is the only possible way to reach the hidden pockets of Himalayan destinations off the beaten tracks.

Especially camping trekking is applied if the trek involves off the main trails of Everest, Langtang, or Annapurna region. As well as for Makalu, Kanchenjunga, Dolpo’s areas, or any other areas, where Tea-House and Lodge are not available.

Camping trekking involves carrying camping equipment, food, and other necessary items required for overnight comforts. The camping is provided with two men spacious tents, dining tents according to group size, including separate kitchen tents. As well as toilet tents and shower tents on request, some companies provide portable chairs and tables also. All foods are carried for the whole trek, and the dining is lit by hurricane lanterns or lamps run by liquid gas.    On camping trekking with a large group of trekking and kitchen staff, cook, kitchen crews with porters or mules. Carrying all the equipment, from the start to the end of the trekking, is a great way to experience the adventure.

Homestay Trekking

Homestay Trekking, a different type of adventure allows you to soak into local culture and customs. While on treks stay overnights in the comfort of nice village huts and cottages, serving as homestay facilities. 

The homestay trekking has been in operation around the remote hill and mountain villages, run and managed by the village community.  Simple accommodation and typical Nepalese meals in harmony with local ancient heritage and traditions. The Home-Stay Trekking programs started in the last two decades, to provide guests with the inner depth of local culture and customs. Includes local farm activities and merriment at dinner time with local folk dance and songs, making your stay memorable. 

Trekking in Nepal with Variation of Routes

Trekking in Nepal with a variation of routes to choose from and enjoy the charm and beauty of the Himalayas. Trekking in Nepal of great variations walking on main popular trails to off the beaten tracks into the mountain wilderness.

Interested travelers and adventurers can have a wide range of options from mainstream trekking trails to hidden pockets of the Himalayas. On main trails enjoy the comforts of nice lovely lodges with a comprehensive delightful food menu, with rooms facing mountain views.

Trekkers can experience the pure adventure of camping as well as choosing trips off the beaten trails. Away from main trekking routes and human habitations and villages, walking into the pure wilderness

Classic Trekking

The classic trekking, an original route to Everest base camp from the town of Jiri, is hardly trekked at present. Due to the shortest way from Lukla, since the airport was built in the 1970s. Where trekkers fly from Kathmandu to Lukla, making the trekking duration much shorter than using the classic trail from Jiri. There are a few other classic routes to reach the chosen Himalayan destinations from Arun Valley to Everest base camp.

Classic Trekking involves, original routes as explored by early pioneers like following the footsteps of legendary mountaineers. On the way to Everest walking on the classic trail used by Tenzing & Hillary in the early spring of 1953.

Off The Beaten Path

Enjoyable and exciting trekking that follows an isolated route, away from main and popular trekking trails. Where walk leads to the complete wilderness within pure and tranquil mountain surroundings, away from villages and maddening crowds.

All off the beaten path is more of an exploration than a normal trekking adventure on trailblazers’ trails. Involves carrying all camping equipment and food to last for the whole trek till it ends on the main road head. 

Trekking Combined Helicopter Flight

This is another way to enjoy an adventure around Nepal Himalayas, a tough walk with easy comfort. On completing the trek take the luxury of a Helicopter flight to Kathmandu or the nearest city concluding the whole trek. 

Trekking combined with Helicopter flights is gaining popularity, especially on Everest base camp treks. A perfect way to enjoy the adventure for trekkers with limited time in Nepal for the Everest base camp trek. Normally flying from Kathmandu to Lukla on regular smaller air-planes, and then returning on a chopper. Most standard trekking itinerary days are 11 to 12 days from the start to the ending point at Lukla. But taking a helicopter saves a few days of downhill walks, where one can enjoy the trek to Everest base camp with a return helicopter. Taking only 8-9 days covering all the main highlights of the high Khumbu and Everest region. Trekking combined with helicopter flights, on reaching the base camp following the main trails to Namche Bazaar and beyond. After achieving the goal, they took a helicopter flight from Gorakshep, the last settlement on route Everest base camp. 

Trekking Region in Nepal

Trekking Region in Nepal, various exotic destinations to choose from, as per one interest and duration of holidays in Nepal. 

Nepal and the Himalayas range offers a wide range of adventure destinations from moderate walks for a few days to a week. An adventurous trek of more than a week to challenging and demanding walks and climbs of three weeks or more.

World’s best trekking region, where one can trek on main popular trails or around hidden pockets of Nepal Himalayas. Trek on off the beaten trails to sheer mountain wilderness, crossing high passes and far from human civilization. Trekking Region in Nepal from Far North East to Remote Western Himalayas explores the wildest country on earth.

Everest Region

Everest trekking

The Everest Region of Nepal, covers the areas of Solu Khumbu district, one of the popular trekking and adventure destination. Located in Nepal Mid-East around Mahalangur Himalaya Range, with the world’s highest mountains Mt. Everest, Lhotse, and Cho-Oyu. Includes many above and below 7,000 m peaks, the main region for treks, and various adventures around high Khumbu.

Where all the tallest peaks are concentrated in Khumbu as well on the route to Mt. Everest base camp and the climb of Kalapathar. The famous and popular rocky hilltop for excellent close views of Everest and an array of giant peaks.

Everest region offers more than a dozen trekking destinations for interested trekkers, like the famous Everest base camp. Gokyo Valley and its glacial lakes, and climb high Gokyo-Ri for a grand vista of the world’s four highest peaks.

The view from Gokyo-Ri faces Everest, Lhotse, Makalu, and Cho-Oyu with views of Ngozumba the longest glacier in Nepal. 

The other famous treks are combination adventures with Gokyo valley and Everest base camp crossing the high Cho-La pass. Similarly, the adventure crosses three high passes of Everest over Kongma-La, Cho-La, and Renjo-La, covering east-to-west Khumbu valleys. Besides trekking the local culture is equally fascinating to enjoy on walks in the comfort of nice lovely lodges.

The other trek around Everest Region is the classic trek to Everest base camp walking from Jiri on the original route. The lower Solu areas of Everest are the least ventured, apart from Jiri to Everest base camp trekking. The Solu area offers a nice pleasant trek to Pikey hill, where one can enjoy a panorama of the Himalayan range with Everest.    

The other exciting high-altitude trek to the Everest region from Makalu and Barun Valley via the high pass of Sherpani Col. As well as trekking from Rolwaling Valley and crossing Tashi-Labtsa high pass or trek from low warm areas of Arun valley.

One can enjoy a short trek to Thyangboche, popularly known as Everest Panorama, where the beautiful monastery is located.

Most treks around the Everest region start and ends at Lukla town, after flying in from Kathmandu. For lower Everest around Solu areas short flight to Phaplu or drive both ways, especially for the Pikey trek.

Annapurna Region

Beautiful Mountain View of Annapurna South and Himchuli
View of Annapurna South and Himchuli

Annapurna Region is one of the most popular and highly rated on the trekking list of Nepal, and probably the world over. Annapurna is a massive Himalayan range with more than a dozen of high peaks that make the Annapurna massif.

Located in Nepal’s North Mid-West around Gandaki Zone, most of the trekking destinations begin and end at beautiful Pokhara city.

Annapurna Himalaya is a massive mountain range, situated between Dhaulagiri in the west with Lamjung Himal and Manaslu in the east direction.

Mt. Annapurna-I, at 8,091 m the first 8,000 m peaks ever climbed in 1950 by French Expeditions. Three years before Mt. Everest was conquered by Tenzing & Hillary in 1953, highly technical peak to climb for mountaineers. 

Annapurna Himalaya with a massive range of peaks, from I to IV with A-South, A-Fang or Vara Shikar, Gangapurna, and Hiunchuli. Includes dozens of below and 6,000 meters peaks, which makes the Annapurna region the most sought adventure destination for trekking.

Around Annapurna Region, one can trek on southern green hills in the shadow of Annapurna Himalayan peaks. From moderate, and adventurous to the challenging trek of a few days to a week or more within main and off-the-beaten tracks.  

The Annapurna Himalaya is a vast region with various trekking destinations, from the north around Manang valley to the southern green hills. The Southern range of Annapurna offers a wide range of exciting trekking destinations as follows. 

Ghorepani and Poon Hill, a moderate trek of 3-4 days around the southern hills of the Annapurna Himalayas. One of the most popular treks leads to Ghorepani village and on top Poon Hill at 3,210 m high. Offers stunning sunrise over an array of peaks with views of the Dhaulagiri, Annapurna, and Manaslu Himalaya range with Machhapuchare Himal. 

Annapurna Base Camp and Sanctuary, The shortest base camp trek to the foot of 8,000 m peaks in all Himalayas. The only base camp with facilities of nice, cozy lodges in the heart of the massive Annapurna Himalayas. A trek of a week duration from Pokhara to Pokhara, where a walk leads to climbing on green hills. Covered in a beautiful forest of rhododendron and pine trees, walk through traditional Gurung farm villages of Chomrong.

Chomrong the last village and gateway to Annapurna Sanctuary and base camp, walk leads to a deep river gorge. As the walk progress climbs into a wide-open scenic valley at Sanctuary enclosed by an array of high snow peaks. An exciting place to experience once in a lifetime, where altitude does not exceed 4,130 m.

The highest spot of the adventure, and then the return journey to Pokhara with various options taking longer or shorter routes.

Wide range of trekking on the southern hills of Annapurna like the Khopra Ridge and Khair Lake, the least ventured areas. But gaining popularity over the past decades, a walk on main trails and then heading on off the beaten trails.

The other great trek is to Mardi Himal base camp, also called ‘Other Sanctuary’ quite close to Annapurna Sanctuary. A wonderful trek of a week duration away from mainstream and villages for some days. Leads you to the foot of Mardi Himal and towering Machhapuchare Himal the famed Fish-Tail Peak.

The southern areas of Annapurna offer Royal Trek, where Prince Charles sauntered on the foothills of Annapurna Himalaya. Likewise one can enjoy a short trek to Panchase Hill for a few days, which offers similar views to Poon Hill.  

The other spectacular trek around the Annapurna region is the northern side of the massive Annapurna Himalayas around the high Manang valley. The most famous and popular Annapurna circuit trekking is listed as the world’s top ten best adventure destinations.

One can experience why, a trek with dramatic changes in climate, landscapes to vegetation on daily walks. Where route leads from low warm to cooler hills ending at the barren mountainous arctic zone of ice and glaciers. An exciting walk is a combination of impressive Buddhist cultures with gorgeous views enclosed behind the Annapurna and Chulu range of peaks. A full circuit around the massif Annapurna Mountain range crossing high Thorang-la pass reaching Mustang areas. Then back to low warm areas where adventure completes at scenic Pokhara city. 

The Annapurna Circuit area and Manang valley offer interesting treks to Nar-Phu valley and beautiful Tilicho Lake also.

Manaslu Region

Manaslu Region takes you around Mt. Manaslu, the world’s 8th highest at 8,163 m, with a range of adjoining peaks. Located Nepal Far North Mid-West close to Annapurna Himalayas in the west with massif bulk Ganesh Himal towards the east.

Manaslu Region opened for trekkers in 1991, but remains a Restricted Area for foreign visitors, requiring special permits. Due to the close borders of Tibet / China on a route around scenic Manaslu Valley and high Larke-La Pass.

In the Manaslu Region, the famous trek is Manaslu Circuit an adventure of little more than two weeks duration. The trek starts from low warm areas of the Gorkha district and follows the Buri Gandaki River upstream. Heading close to its glacial source at high Manaslu valley on route to Sama-Gaon village.

An interesting walk from warm farm areas to cooler green hills through several nice villages, then reaching scenic Manaslu Valley. Most interesting is following the historical and ancient Salt Trade Route of Nepal to Tibet and towards Manang areas.  Manaslu Region offers another option, where trekkers can combine Manaslu Circuit with Tsum Valley, located east of Manaslu. Tsum lies behind the massif Ganesh Himal, known as the valley of happiness.   

Langtang Region

Langtang Region, located around Central Himalayas Langtang Himal is the closest mountain range to Kathmandu valley and the city. Which also falls on the route to Tibet / China border, an overland journey of 5-6 hours drives. Langtang Region offers various adventure destinations, from moderate, and adventurous to challenging treks, from one week to 14 days or more.

Langtang Himal and the region is the third most popular trekking destination after Annapurna and Everest regions.  Langtang Region offers several scenic and cultural places for trekking, the most famous and popular is Langtang Valley. A moderate walk up to Kyanjin at 3,800 m high, situated within scenic and beautiful Langtang valley. A week duration trek starts and ends at Syabrubesi with both ways drives which fall within Langtang National Park.

The next popular trek to Gosainkund a holy pond, located at 4,380 m high, offers a grand vista of the central Himalayas. Trekkers can combine with Langtang Himal and Gosainkund and then crossing high Laurabinaya-La pass at 4,610 m. Trek leads on high ridges to scenic Chisapani hills, then ends the walk at Kathmandu’s northeastern valley rim.

Langtang Region also offers cultural and scenic trekking Tamang Heritage Trail’, where the walk leads close to Ganesh and Langtang Himal. An impressive walk soaking into the local Tamang culture of age-old Buddhism, a Home Stay program run by local communities.

Besides normal moderate and adventurous trekking around Langtang Region, the interested adventurer can join for challenging treks into the pure mountain wilderness. The region provides an adventurous trek and crossing over Ganja-La at 5,200 m pass to the Helambu area. 

Another challenge is trekking to the far end of Langtang’s eastern valley, then crossing Tilman Col at 5,320 m. The pass was named after a British explorer H. W. Tillman who found a possible route from Panch Pokhari to Langtang valley. During the mid-1950 exploring a route to the Tibet border as well, the pass is seldom explored, due to its remote location.

Makalu Region

Makalu Region provides excellent trekking adventures around the Far Eastern Nepal Himalayas, located east of Everest and west of Kanchenjunga Himalaya.

Mt. Makalu at 8,463 m stands as the world’s 5th highest peak situated within the exotic Barun and Arun Valleys. Starts from Tumlingtar town after flying in from Kathmandu, within the warm low country of Arun valley. Drive leads past Khandbari, a large town, and headquarters of the Sanka-Sabha district within the Makalu region, then reaches Num village. From Num walk starts with a down and ups to the last village of Tashi-Gaon, populated by Sherpa tribes. Leaving the last village of Tashi-Gaon climb to Khoma-Danda and cross the Shipton-La and pass towards Barun valley.

A walk leaves behind the dense forest of rhododendron and pine trees, for short high altitude bushes. Barun valley extends westward to Makalu Base Camp at 5,364 m / 17,598 feet high, a scenic spot. Covered in the moraine of ice and snow on the foot of Mt. Makalu, facing views of Baruntse and Chamling Himal. From Makalu views of Mt. Everest’s east face known as ‘Khangsung Face’, from Makalu base return journey on the same route. For adventurous, trekkers can cross the high Sherpani West Col, above 5,800 m pass to the Everest region, and fly from Lukla

Kanchenjunga Region

Kanchenjunga Region, located in Far Eastern Nepal Himalayas where the trek leads to both base camps of the world’s 3rd highest Mt. Kanchenjunga. A massif mountain range at 8, 586 m / 28,169 feet high, straddles the border between Nepal and Sikkim. The northeast states of India, but most trekking and climbing are done from the Nepal side of Kanchenjunga. One of the longest trekking more than three weeks, where flight and drive involve both ways.

The charm of Kanchenjunga trekking is visiting both north and south base camps, as well as walking through an enchanting forest. Lined with rhododendron and pine trees, then reaching arid and wild terrain of the arctic zone at base camps. Besides the Kanchenjunga base campone can extend the trek by visiting the remote villages of Watchung-Gola, en route to the Tibet border. On this trek beyond the backside of Kanchenjunga where the trail joins with the Makalu route after crossing the Lumba-Sumba high pass

Mustang Region

Mustang Region falls in Far northwest Nepal, close to Dolpo and Manang areas, once a forbidden country. Where flight or drive involves both ways to Jomsom, the headquarters town of Mustang district. The Upper Mustang is a restricted region, where trekkers require special permits to enter the forbidden former walled kingdom of Lo-Manthang. 

Mustang Region, an extension of the Tibetan South West plateau a dry and arid country but the landscapes are scenic. A country of vast beautiful windswept terrain with large canyons and eroded high cliffs with few sparse vegetation.

Mustang Region covers Upper and Lower Mustang to Kaligandaki River valley, the popular route is flying to Jomsom from Pokhara. The walk leads to Kagbeni village the entry point of the Upper Mustang as well a restricted zone. The villages and the people of the Mustang region of strong Tibetan influence, and areas extend to Tibet / China border.  

The main attraction is the local culture of immense interest interwoven with Buddhism heritage, and picturesque landscapes and sceneries. Crossing passes from one valley to another, facing breathtaking views of snow peaks, and entering the former walled kingdom of Lo-Manthang. Inside the walled town takes you back into the medieval era period visiting its famous monasteries and places of interest.

Return journey on the same route back to Jomsom town, or taking a higher route towards windblown villages of Yara. Following the upper trail to the holy Muktinath temple premises then reaching Jomsom for a short flight to Pokhara.

Dolpo Region

Dolpo Region is located in Nepal’s Far northwest Himalayas, where the eastern part of Dolpo touches the boundary of Mustang areas. 

An exceptional adventure destination on less frequented trails to beautiful Phoksundo Lake near Ringmo village. Dolpo Region for trekking with two options Lower and Upper Dolpo takes you to high hidden corners at Shey Gompa. Also called Crystal Monastery, is situated in a remote isolated windswept country far from modern civilization.

Dolpo Region is a great and vast wilderness to venture into, the walk follows the old Trans Himalaya Salt Trade Route to the Tibet border.  Dolpo with Shey Phoksundo National Park, the largest park of Nepal covering an area of 3,555 sq. km. Reaching the Dolpo region involves flights both ways from Kathmandu via Nepalgunj, a city situated in Far South West Nepal. 

Trekking Permits


Trekking Permits are required on all treks, around Nepal Himalayas except for Peak Climbing, Mountaineering Expeditions. As they have climbing permits and do not need trekking permits, including for Restricted regions on obtaining special permits.

Trekking Permits are issued by your Travel & Trekking agencies upon booking the chosen trips. The Trekking Permit is known as TIMS (Trekking Information Management Systems authorized by TAAN (Trekking Agent Association of Nepal).

TAAN is a semi Government Organization, which’s for Everest Region, especially around the high Khumbu areas. The village community of Khumbu issues permits to enter the Everest region from Lukla town onwards. Besides Trekking, Peak Climbing, or Mountaineering Expeditions all visitors requires National Parks permits or Conservation Area Projects.

Trekking Difficulties

Nepal is a country of high mountains and hills where flat land exists only around the southern areas of the country. Which is known as the Terai belt, then starts the smaller hill called Churia or Siwalik. It extends to mid-hill and towards high hills ending at the greater Mahabharata range and the Himalayas. Where trekking region starts from mid or high hills and valleys. So uphill is the only way to reach your destinations around the Himalayas with downhill on the return journey.

Easy Trek in Nepal

There is no easy trek in Nepal, however, short-distance walks are considered easy trekking, on gradual short ups and downs.

Easy to Moderate Trek in Nepal

Easy to Moderate Trek in Nepal, begins from short pleasant flat trails and then climbs leads to mid and high hills for a few hours. To reach respected overnight destinations in the comfort of nice local lodges and inns. The Easy to Moderate Trek in Nepal combination of a short easy flat, short-hour climb ending with a downhill.

Moderate to Difficult Trek in Nepal

Moderate to Difficult Trek in Nepal with a wide range of trekking destinations that leads to moderate walks, with some difficulty. That is depending upon one physical fitness and exercise before booking the trek to chosen areas of Nepal Himalaya. Moderate to Difficult Trek in Nepal of variations walking from low flat farm areas and then heading for the climb. Difficult section to face depending upon the hours of climb on uphill either with steep ups or on a gradual uphill. Moderate to Difficult Treks leads to smaller ridges and passes with long descent as well.

Difficult to Challenging Trek in Nepal

For these types of adventures, where trekkers need to be well prepared with good exercise before and after the bookings. These kinds of treks lead to high altitude terrain, with much steep uphill for hours. As well involves longer walks to designated overnight stops, the challenging walks depending upon the areas of trekking. The difficulty is the length of the journey and coping with steep ups and downhill for some hours. The Challenging and demanding part of the trek especially crossing over high passes in snow-deep conditions. 

As well as climbing steep ups on high altitudes above 4,500 m and 5,000 meters ridges and passes. Including long hours of walks taking more than 6 to 8 hours sometimes, in some areas of trekking destinations.  The challenging trek may need to climb and descend in a few technical sections, where ropes are needed for safety.

High Altitude Sickness During the Trek

High altitude sickness is commonly known as AMS (Acute Mountain Sickness), which occurs above 3,000 m high or lower sometimes. Normally one gets AMS if not well acclimatized, which is quite common on a high-altitude trekking adventure.  

The symptoms of AMS are slight to a hard throbbing headache, loss of appetite, sleepless nights, and feeling nausea. In this situation, the victim needs to drink from water to hot drinks and soups. Having rest with extra days in the same place, if the patient does not recover. The patient needs to be brought down immediately to safe heights, where he/she was well before.

The most severe symptoms are HACE & HAPE which is High Altitude Cerebral Edema, High Altitude Pulmonary Edema. Which are water in the brain and later the water in the lungs, if these symptoms persist along with headache.

Immediate evacuation by any means of the fastest transportation to bring the patients to the nearest medical post or a hospital. The quickest way is to call for a helicopter service and inform the right location to be picked up.    

Prevention against AMS is walking at a slow pace, and having enough rest in between walks. Especially on high hills with much altitude to gain, drinking enough water or any safe liquid. As well as having rest days to support acclimatization, like walking up and sleeping low is the best way to get acclimatized. Some people might take Diamox which can help to acclimatize but has some side effects, needs to counsel your doctor. When and how to use the dosage properly, but the safe way is having rest and walking at a slow pace.

Travel & Medical Insurance to Include Helicopter Rescue

The most important the first place after booking the trip to the Himalayas is to obtain Travel & Medical Insurance covering Helicopter Service for rescue if required.

Travel Insurance in case the trek gets delayed by broken roads, trails from landslides, or avalanches. Political strikes or bad weather conditions, where sometimes the domestic flight can get canceled due to unfavorable weather.

In these cases, the company might lead to cancel or delay the trip or add extra days to the itinerary. This leads to extra costs, where travel insurance will cover and reimburse the additional extra expenses. Where Helicopter services might be included instead of normal regular domestic flights.  Medical insurance in case of serious illness on treks, the fastest means of evacuating the victims is by Helicopter. Bringing the patient to the nearest good hospitals in Kathmandu or any big city like Pokhara. Where Medical & Travel Insurance should cover using the helicopter services. 

Trekking Gears & Equipment List

Trekking Equipment for moderate to adventurous trekking

Most important of all when packing and leaving your country, check the needful trekking gear to carry. Depending upon the season and chosen treks and duration of the trip.

Shorts, skirts, or lightweight trousers are ideal in the heat of the day along with T-shirts, long-sleeved cotton shirts, and sun hats. During the evening and the higher altitude warmers, clothing will be needed.  

GOOD TREKKING BOOTS, RUNNERS / SPORTS SHOES, SLIPPERS / SANDALS, FIBER PILE JACKETS, SHORTS OR SKIRTS (for ladies), LIGHT COTTON TROUSERS: BREECHES /TRACKSUIT BOTTOMS /ULTRA FLEECE TROUSERS: DUVET / DOWN JACKETS (Down feathers or synthetic (required in autumn/winter and early springtime), WOOL BALACLAVA, WOOL MITTS: (required in autumn/winter and early springtime), WATERPROOFS: Jacket and trousers.

SUN HATS, SCARF Silk/Nylon, useful for keeping the sun off the back of your neck. SUNGLASSES / GOGGLES: Essential to get a pair that cuts out 100% UV rays SUNSCREEN CREAM: High protection factor [20 or higher] or high altitude glacier cream due to thin air the U/V is stronger in the sun.

LIP SLAVE/ LABISAN: Protection for the lips with a sunscreen

WATER BOTTLE: 1-liter metal to keep warm while at night time.

TOILET ITEMS: HEAD TORCHES: Petzel (recommended) -spare batteries and bulbs. SEWING KIT: SMALL KNIFE: Swiss army style – has many uses

NOTEBOOK/DIARY/PENS & SMALL PADLOCK: Useful for locking your kit/duffel bag, MONEY BELTS.


THERMAREST: Or a similar self-inflating mattress, that gives decadent luxury on camping trips.


Useful for crossing rivers and in snow and ice areas.

The following items can be bought or hired in Kathmandu/ Pokhara also if it’s too much to carry from home.

Independent Trek or Trekking with an Agency

In Nepal Himalayas on the most popular trekking routes and destinations like Annapurna, Everest & Langtang region. Where one can trek as FIT (Free Individual Trekkers) or join a reputed and reliable trekking agency with Government Registered Guide to accompany them. 

Trekking with an Agency

Trekking with an agency is the best way to enjoy the adventure holiday in Nepal, for one safeness. On booking, all formalities required for the trek will be arranged by the local company in Kathmandu or Pokhara. Like obtaining trekking permits, national park and conservation tickets, including domestic flights, accompanied by a proper Government License Guide. Communicate well, in various foreign languages apart from English-speaking guides, which will make it easy.  As well as to gain more knowledge of the trekking areas from local cultures, religions, and history, including flora/fauna.

 Independent Trekking / FIT (Free Individual Travelers/ Trekkers)

Independent Trekking or FIT were early visitors who traveled and explored the Nepal Himalayas in the early days. Before the proper tourism industry or trekking agencies were established in the country, independent trekking is still in trend.

Especially around the mainstream trekking routes, such as Annapurna, Everest, and Langtang Himal region. Where one can find comfort overnight stops in local lodges, and the trails are well-established and straightforward. But if one wants to travel around remote corners, one needs to book with proper reliable Government Regisrated Companies. Trekking with License Guide and porters, as you will be employing guides and porters which will boost the country’s economy. Independent Trekking is best for visitors who know the country very well and have traveled many times in Nepal Himalayas.

Best Seasons to Trek in Nepal

Nepal and the Himalayas are amazing places on this planet, where all types of travelers and age-group. Can join in for various types of adventure holidays in Nepal Himalayas, whichever destinations are chosen. The right season of the year would be perfect to enjoy the holidays of a lifetime experience.

Trekking Nepal Himalayas in Winter Times

Wintertime trekking in Nepal Himalayas will be a perfect holiday, especially with Christmas and New Year vacations. Where all types of people, families with children, school/college groups, and corporate executives can plan for Himalayan adventures.

In the winter season from December to the midst of February, most days are clear and fine with blue sky. Much colder temperatures in the shade, late afternoon till morning time before the sun hits the place that you stay. Wintertime is best for a moderate short trek that does not involve crossing high passes.  To plan high-altitude trekking in winter is quite challenging as it can get snow sometimes, during the walks. Days are much shorter due to sunlight hours with freezing temperatures in the morning and night times. Most mountain lodges will be closed for winter, but interesting to walk when there are not many trekkers on the trails. Although few trekkers do dare trek to Everest Base Camp even in the middle of winter times, defying the cold temperatures.

Trekking Nepal Himalayas in the Spring Season

The high and peak season for trekking in Nepal and all around the Himalayas, where days are longer with enough sunshine. But much colder morning and night time in the high hills and mountainous region. Most days are clear for views and pleasant walks can get cloudy with light rains sometimes. Where the extra wind-chill factor makes it colder, can expect snowfalls in trekking high areas. This is the time when hills and valleys are green, and lively with seasonal flowers in full bloom time. Makes trekking more enjoyable and very scenic during spring, one of the best times to plan a trek in Nepal.

Trekking in Nepal in the Summer Season

Summer season begins from June to August months, with low trekking times as the good end of most mountaineering expeditions. As summer also falls during monsoon wet and rainy times, where one can expect much rain most days.

The rain can continue for several days, where views of mountains lie hidden with monsoon rain clouds. Chances of seeing clear views of snow peak one have to be lucky, especially in the morning times are clear for views. In summer or monsoon times the hills and valleys are green and bright with lush vegetation. But can be a paradise for nature lovers and botanist students with exotic flora in the summer season. 

But the best trekking in summer is the low season, encountering fewer numbers of trekkers on the route. The only difficulty in trekking is in summer when most lodges will be closed due to the low-off tourist season.  

Trekking in Nepal in the Autumn Season

One of the best times for trekking and other various adventures in Nepal and around the Himalayas. The days are crystal clear for views and pleasant walks, but the days are short due to sunlight hours. Much colder morning and in the late afternoon till nighttime with the bright starry night sky. Chances of snowfall at higher elevations, but a perfect time for country walks.

One of the high seasons for trekking in Nepal and around the Himalayas, most days are clear for scenic mountain views.

FAQ about Trekking In Nepal

Can I do Solo Trekking in Nepal?

Yes, but only around the main trekking areas of Nepal Himalayas, like around the Annapurna region, and Everest or Langtang Himal areas. Apart from this region, where one needs to book with local reliable trekking companies, accompanied by good guides.

Can you Trek in Nepal without a Guide?

Yes, solo or individual trekking, as well as some joining with friends without the aid of a local guide. Without a guide trekking in Nepal, applies only to the main popular routes, like Everest, Annapurna, or Langtang Himal. As well for a few day’s hikes or treks of moderate grades, one has to obtain trekking permits oneself.

How to Prepare for Trekking in Nepal?

Planning and booking the trip of your choice starts with some physical exercise, running, jogging, and walking up and downstairs. As well as collect much information about the trekking region from culture, hardship, and facilities of local lodges or camping. Packing the right items is required for trekking as per the season duration of trips.

Is it safe to trek in Nepal?

It is the safest country in the world, best to trek with a guide or group of trekkers and friends. Unfortunate accidents and misleading trekking trails can lead to danger, otherwise, it is safe to trek in Nepal Himalayas.

What are Some Basic Tips for Trekking in Nepal?

The basic tips to know are carrying the best trekking gear and the right time of the season. If it is too expensive and too much to carry stuff from home countries. One can purchase needful gear and items in Kathmandu also saves money and load to carry on flights.

Responsible Trekking

When trekking anywhere in the world and in Nepal, where all visitors should be aware of local cultures. As well as eco-systems not disturbing or making a mess of the pristine environments and respecting the cultures and customs. 

Make sure that you are doing the right thing by discarding the litter and garbage at the right disposal sites. When entering temples and monasteries ask your guide about the norms and rules, as well as take pictures.

On treks follow the guide and walk in the right direction, when encountering prayer walls or monuments. Using hot showers unless heated by solar-electric power rather than from a wood fire, discourage begging children.  Stick with saving the green environment and leave nothing except for your footprints.


Nepal and the Himalayas, are one of the world’s greatest and leading adventure destinations for all seasons. Depending upon the choice of destinations as per one’s holiday duration in Nepal, besides scenic mountain views and landscapes.

You will be traveling around friendly villages, where Nepal and Nepalese are known for kindness, politeness, and humbleness. Where ever you stay or travel you will be welcomed with big smiles and the warm hospitality of Nepalese people.

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